viernes, 10 de abril de 2015

The National Gallery is staging an exhibition displaying the works of Cornelius Johnson, court painter to Charles I

The upcoming exhibition that can save us from Tudor mania

by Fr Alexander Lucie-Smith

Cornelius Johnson is not a household name, and I confess that I had never heard of him, until just now. A contemporary of van Dyke, he was court painter to the unfortunate Charles I, and is soon to be the subject of an exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery, as one can read here. This will give us a chance to see the portraits that Johnson produced of the children of Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria.

Charles I and his Queen, were, by the standards of British royalties, very fortunate in their fertility. That excellent and invaluable handbook, Britain’s Royal Families, by Alison Weir, confirms that they had nine children in all, of whom three, a boy and two girls, died as babies. Of the remaining six, two succeeded to the throne, as Charles II and James II, and the very youngest, Henriette, married the Duke of Orleans, younger brother of Louis XIV of France, and had issue (from whom the only legitimate descendants of Charles I alive today come). There was also Mary, who married the Prince of Orange and became mother of an English king, William III. Two other children who died young, Elizabeth, at the age of 15, as a prisoner of the Commonwealth on the Isle of Wight, and Henry, Duke of Gloucester at the age of 20, shortly after the Restoration. If these last two had lived to have children of their own, the history of Britain might have been very different.

The exhibition will include pictures of some of these children, rather melancholy works, one assumes, for one will not be able to look at them without thinking of the dire misfortunes that were to befall their parents, and themselves: imprisonment, exile, death. Charles II, painted as a child, as we see from the link above, was, even as a little boy, showing promise of becoming the “long black man, two yards high”, as the Commonwealth described him when he was a wanted man after the Battle of Worcester. As pictures of the King in later life show, he was of markedly different appearance to his brother James, and his own father too. Though not conventionally handsome, he was clearly wildly charming, as the long string of his conquests attests. Not only was Charles rather different in physical type to the other Stuarts, he also had the distinction of being politically successful. Indeed, he can fairly claim to be our most successful king, just as his father and his brother, both of whom lost the throne, can claim to be our least successful monarchs.

The explanation for this is perhaps to be found in his ancestry. 

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